Working on your thesis is a milestone in your college career. It's probably the first product of scholarly work where you can consider yourself the primary "expert" on your topic and person directing your progress and path of inquiry. Own this and reflect it in your meetings with your thesis advisers and research librarians. A thesis project requires increased personal responsibility; you are establishing the scholarly conversation you are engaging in.
Some tips for effective meetings with your librarian and thesis advisers:
* Bring a working bibiography with you. Even if you're not sure about many of the sources on there, it will give your adviser an idea of what work you are doing and what direction you are going in. Your adviser may suggest some texts to you, but go beyond that in your research and bring additional sources to your adviser to discuss. This will also help your adviser best apply their background in the field suggest relevent disciplinary methodologies etc.
* If you're looking for a particular source you found cited somewhere else, show your librarian the original source you found the citation in. Often, there is information elsewhere in the text that provides essential information.
* It helps to have an idea about the types of sources you are interested in finding. Is it a data set, personal narrative, a foreign newspaper, a magazine written from a particular political perspective? Each source has unique conventions that should inform your research strategy. A librarian can discuss these with you, as can your adviser.
Following the rule of thumb that you will always find and examine multiple times more than you will actually end up using in your final paper (research, like editing, requires ruthless editing), you will need to establish an organization system for your sources, notes and citations. Start organizing immediately, you can always refine your system as you go along, but without one, you risk getting overwhelmed. The goal is something you can use consistently, but flexibly.
Identify key secondary sources. It's crucial to place your thesis in the framework of some larger scholarly conversations. Identify scholars whose work you will engage with early on in your research process. It's also essential to confirm that you will have enough primary sources available to support your thesis. You must confirm what primary source you want and need and if they are available and accessible to you.
As you search through library catalogs, take note (literally, make lists) of the Library of Congress Subject Headings associated with your topic. The subject headings will be the same in other library catalogs and databases, and that language provides crucial keyword searching terms.
When you are searching in library catalogs for book length studies about your topic, remember to search broader than your topic as well as in narrower related sub-topics. Many book length secondary sources will not require reading in entirety. Use table of contents and indexes effectively to identify crucial chapters and passages.
Peruse the bibliographies and footnotes in your secondary sources for references to primary sources. Also take note of dates/events, organization names, personal names, names of particular policies, laws or initiatives etc.; all of these are potential keywords for finding additional primary sources.
In consultation with your faculty thesis advisor, you will articulate a broad beginning of a thesis topic. Through your initial research in preparation for submitting your thesis proposal and preliminary bibliography, you will begin to narrow your thesis topic to an appropriate scope.
It's crucial to confirm early that you have access to enough primary sources to complete research on your selected topic.